The Troy Tutoring Center’s Reading and Comprehension Tutors help students process text, understand its meaning, and integrate it with what they already know. Developing this skill takes time and effort. It also requires a lot of practice.
Tutors can improve reading comprehension through teaching strategies that increase a student’s oral language skills, vocabulary knowledge and their ability to think critically about the information they read.
A passage is a paragraph or section of text with a specific meaning. It is also an expression of the author’s thoughts and feelings, as well as a part of his journey or path.
It is important to understand the purpose of a passage because it helps you read and think more clearly, and helps you identify what is most important about a piece of text. For example, a passage that provides background information or details recent trends is informative in nature, while a passage that dispels a misconception is educational.
Using context, images, or words to determine the purpose of a passage can help you get a better grasp on what the text is trying to communicate. It can also help you determine whether the content makes sense or not.
You will likely see questions on determining the purpose of a passage on many standardized tests. Oftentimes, the answer choices will be ambiguous or confusing, and you will need to anticipate what is meant before choosing an option.
A student’s ability to identify the main idea of a passage is crucial for reading comprehension. Often, students will encounter questions like “What is the main idea of this passage?” or “How can you figure out the main idea from this paragraph?”
The best way to help students learn this skill is to start with shorter texts. As students build their confidence, they will move on to longer passages and eventually full-length books.
To identify the main idea of a passage, students should pay attention to any relevant context, images or words. This will give them a clue as to what the author is trying to communicate through the text.
Once the main idea is identified, students should be able to summarize it in their own words. This should be a lean sentence or two, and it should be concise enough to communicate the main point without making the reader feel confused.
Inferring the meaning of unfamiliar words is an important reading skill. This technique involves using context clues or word morphology to identify the meaning of new words.
Context clues are words or phrases in the text that help the reader understand the meaning of an unknown word (Flemming, 2014). These clues may include synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples of punctuation marks.
Another strategy is to identify the root of a word and look for meaningful word parts such as prefixes or suffixes. These can modify a root word or change the form of a word.
Identifying word roots is an important skill that will allow you to decode technical words in a PTE test. For example, ‘type’ is a root word and can be used to describe a category of things.
Word roots are often accompanied by prefixes or suffixes that can change the meaning of a root word and add new grammatical functions. These are common in verb tenses and parts of speech.
When summarizing a passage, it is important to include any relevant context, images, or words that may help readers understand the ideas and arguments being presented. This could include cause/effect relationships or other connections that are made throughout the text.
Students should practice summarizing a passage by reading it several times and then writing down their thoughts. They can do this in pairs or small groups.
They can also write down any questions they have about the text and then discuss these with the group. This will help them develop a clear understanding of what they are reading and make the process more effective.
Students should also include direct quotations when summarizing a passage. This will help them amplify the main idea and ensure that they do not omit any key details.